- published: 31 Mar 2012
- views: 551808
In mathematics and computer science, an algorithm (^{i}/ˈælɡərɪðəm/ AL-gə-ri-dhəm) is a self-contained step-by-step set of operations to be performed. Algorithms exist that perform calculation, data processing, and automated reasoning.
The words 'algorithm' and 'algorism' come from the name al-Khwārizmī. Al-Khwārizmī (Persian: خوارزمي, c. 780-850) was a Persian mathematician, astronomer, geographer, and scholar.
An algorithm is an effective method that can be expressed within a finite amount of space and time and in a well-defined formal language for calculating a function. Starting from an initial state and initial input (perhaps empty), the instructions describe a computation that, when executed, proceeds through a finite number of well-defined successive states, eventually producing "output" and terminating at a final ending state. The transition from one state to the next is not necessarily deterministic; some algorithms, known as randomized algorithms, incorporate random input.
C (/ˈsiː/, as in the letter c) is a general-purpose, imperative computer programming language, supporting structured programming, lexical variable scope and recursion, while a static type system prevents many unintended operations. By design, C provides constructs that map efficiently to typical machine instructions, and therefore it has found lasting use in applications that had formerly been coded in assembly language, including operating systems, as well as various application software for computers ranging from supercomputers to embedded systems.
C was originally developed by Dennis Ritchie between 1969 and 1973 at AT&T Bell Labs, and used to re-implement the Unix operating system. It has since become one of the most widely used programming languages of all time, with C compilers from various vendors available for the majority of existing computer architectures and operating systems. C has been standardized by the American National Standards Institute (ANSI) since 1989 (see ANSI C) and subsequently by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO).
In computer science, a search algorithm is an algorithm for finding an item with specified properties among a collection of items which are coded into a computer program, that look for clues to return what is wanted. The items may be stored individually as records in a database; or may be elements of a search space defined by a mathematical formula or procedure, such as the roots of an equation with integer variables; or a combination of the two, such as the Hamiltonian circuits of a graph.
Algorithms for searching virtual spaces are used in constraint satisfaction problem, where the goal is to find a set of value assignments to certain variables that will satisfy specific mathematical equations and inequations. They are also used when the goal is to find a variable assignment that will maximize or minimize a certain function of those variables. Algorithms for these problems include the basic brute-force search (also called "naïve" or "uninformed" search), and a variety of heuristics that try to exploit partial knowledge about structure of the space, such as linear relaxation, 'constraint generation, and constraint propagation.
In computer science, a binary search or half-interval search algorithm finds the position of a target value within a sorted array. The binary search algorithm can be classified as a dichotomic divide-and-conquer search algorithm and executes in logarithmic time.
The binary search algorithm begins by comparing the target value to the value of the middle element of the sorted array. If the target value is equal to the middle element's value, then the position is returned and the search is finished. If the target value is less than the middle element's value, then the search continues on the lower half of the array; or if the target value is greater than the middle element's value, then the search continues on the upper half of the array. This process continues, eliminating half of the elements, and comparing the target value to the value of the middle element of the remaining elements - until the target value is either found (and its associated element position is returned), or until the entire array has been searched (and "not found" is returned).
Bubble sort, sometimes referred to as sinking sort, is a simple sorting algorithm that repeatedly steps through the list to be sorted, compares each pair of adjacent items and swaps them if they are in the wrong order. The pass through the list is repeated until no swaps are needed, which indicates that the list is sorted. The algorithm, which is a comparison sort, is named for the way smaller elements "bubble" to the top of the list. Although the algorithm is simple, it is too slow and impractical for most problems even when compared to insertion sort. It can be practical if the input is usually in sort order but may occasionally have some out-of-order elements nearly in position.
Bubble sort has worst-case and average complexity both О(n^{2}), where n is the number of items being sorted. There exist many sorting algorithms with substantially better worst-case or average complexity of O(n log n). Even other О(n^{2}) sorting algorithms, such as insertion sort, tend to have better performance than bubble sort. Therefore, bubble sort is not a practical sorting algorithm when n is large.
Concepts of Algorithm, Flow Chart & C Programming by Prof. Wongmulin | Dept. of Computer Science Garden City College-Bangalore
For assignments and comprehensive in-video quizzes, watch these videos or enroll for free on http://mentorsnet.org/course/welcome?course_id=33
Watch Sample Class Recording: http://www.edureka.co/c-programming-datastructure-course?utm_source=youtube&utm_medium=referral&utm_campaign=basic-algorithm C programming is a computer programming language that allow users to create instructions for a computer to follow. While C has a slightly more cryptic style than some other programming languages, it's fairly easy to learn and allows you to read and write code for many different platforms. The topics discussed in the video are: 1.Understanding Algorithms 2.Linear Search 3.Binary Search 4.Selection Sort 5.Bubble Sort 6.Quick Sort Edureka is a New Age e-learning platform that provides Instructor-Led Live, Online classes for learners who would prefer a hassle free and self paced learning environment, accessible from any part of the world...
Concepts - Algorithm - Pseudocode - Comments - Basic Arithmetic Operations - Type Conversion - Integer Division
Change making C program using a greedy algorithm. Making least amount of money/coin change using the USD coin set {25,10,5,1} C-Programming Tutorial: https://www.udemy.com/c-programming-for-complete-beginners/learn/v4/overview Please Subscribe ! ►Become a Patreot: patreon.com/randerson112358 ►Website: http://everythingcomputerscience.com/algorithms/Greedy_Algorithm.html ►Support this channel get C-Programming Book: https://www.amazon.com/gp/product/0131103628/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=everythingc06-20&camp=1789&creative=9325&linkCode=as2&creativeASIN=0131103628&linkId=c6b8768d5fe382a757ab85da5c1686ae Get the code here: https://github.com/randerson112358/C-Programs/blob/master/greedy_efficient.c
here is a little discussion about bisection method . the algo and the program.
Change making C program using a greedy algorithm. Making money/coin change using the USD coin set {25,10,5,1} C-Programming Tutorial: https://www.udemy.com/c-programming-for-complete-beginners/learn/v4/overview Please Subscribe ! ►Become a Patreot: patreon.com/randerson112358 ►Website: http://everythingcomputerscience.com/algorithms/Greedy_Algorithm.html ►Support this channel get C-Programming Book: https://www.amazon.com/gp/product/0131103628/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=everythingc06-20&camp=1789&creative=9325&linkCode=as2&creativeASIN=0131103628&linkId=c6b8768d5fe382a757ab85da5c1686ae Get the code here: https://github.com/randerson112358/C-Programs/blob/master/greedy.c
Hehe sorry about the noise at the beginning.. forgot to cut that. Today we use the recursive minimax algorithm to make an AI for Tic-Tac-Toe that never loses! Template Code: https://www.dropbox.com/s/1wdjfhhf9h9c6w9/TicTacToe.zip?dl=0 Finished Code: https://www.dropbox.com/s/tebbplwuvaqbsqj/TicTacToe_AI.zip?dl=0 More Explanation: http://neverstopbuilding.com/minimax Twitter: https://twitter.com/ChillstepCoder Seed Of Andromeda Channel: https://www.youtube.com/user/DubstepCoder Seed Of Andromeda Website: http://www.seedofandromeda.com/
Computer Programming (C Languages) Ep.1 Algorithm and Flowchart for Programming (อัลกอริธึม และ ผังงาน ในกระบวนการการเขียนโปรแกรม) - Algorithms - Flowchart - #include - printf - scanf - int - float - return 0 - basic programming Aj. NesT the Series อาจารย์เนสท์ เดอะซีรีย์ ทศพล บ้านคลองสี่ Todsapon Banklongsi Lecturer of Computer Engineering in Bangkok University Education M.Eng (Computer Engineering) Chulalongkorn University CONTACT US (ฝากกด LIKE และ SUBSCRIBE ด้วยนะครับ) https://www.facebook.com/ajnesttheseries https://www.youtube.com/ajnesttheseries CREATIVE KNOWLEDGE COMMUNITY http://www.glurgeek.com https://www.facebook.com/glurgeek
"Algorithm: A step by step representation of the design to perform an operation using a simple English language is said to be an algorithm. A sequential solution of any program that written in human language,called algorithm. Algorithm is first step of the solution process, after the analysis of problem, programmer write the algorithm of that problem. Qualities of a good algorithm 1. Inputs and outputs should be defined precisely. 2. Each steps in algorithm should be clear and unambiguous. 3. Algorithm should be most effective among many different ways to solve a problem. 4. An algorithm shouldn't have computer code. Instead, the algorithm should be written in such a way that, it can be used in similar programming languages." This video will teach you about what is algorithm and example....
Shortest path algorithms series, and in this video I show you guys how to develop Dijkstra's algorithm. This algorithm is the most commonly used one to solve the shortest path problem by most of the programmers and it belongs to the category of greedy algorithms since it gets always the closest node. Links for more shortest path algorithms: Explaining video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=18r4jeX61IQ Bellman-Ford: coming soon Floyd-Warshall: coming soon Please subscribe to become a fellow programmer and support the channel!
In this tutorial you can clear some basic concept of divide and conquer algorithm. There is merge sort algorithm and a small visualisation of merge sort technique using GIF photo. At last there the merge sort C code for better understanding...
Code can be found at http://pastebin.com/fsmGF1hp Concepts: How the binary search algorithm works Performance of binary search in comparison to linear search Binary search cuts the search space in half on each comparison Implementation of binary search in C++ Binary search has log(n) running time (time complexity).
Analysis Of Algorithms------NQueen's Problem using Backtracking (Algorithm & C-code Explanation) In this video i've given a quick recap of the Nqueen problem and then moved on to explain the C-code implmentation. I've also added an output screen at the end so that you know how its supposed to work! C-Code of Nqueens Problem---http://www.c4learn.com/c-programs/c-progran-to-implement-n-queens-problem.html Thanks again for watching ! If you liked it pls make it a point to comment below. Keeps me going :)
Concepts of Algorithm, Flow Chart & C Programming by Prof. Wongmulin | Dept. of Computer Science Garden City College-Bangalore
For assignments and comprehensive in-video quizzes, watch these videos or enroll for free on http://mentorsnet.org/course/welcome?course_id=33
Watch Sample Class Recording: http://www.edureka.co/c-programming-datastructure-course?utm_source=youtube&utm_medium=referral&utm_campaign=basic-algorithm C programming is a computer programming language that allow users to create instructions for a computer to follow. While C has a slightly more cryptic style than some other programming languages, it's fairly easy to learn and allows you to read and write code for many different platforms. The topics discussed in the video are: 1.Understanding Algorithms 2.Linear Search 3.Binary Search 4.Selection Sort 5.Bubble Sort 6.Quick Sort Edureka is a New Age e-learning platform that provides Instructor-Led Live, Online classes for learners who would prefer a hassle free and self paced learning environment, accessible from any part of the world...
Concepts - Algorithm - Pseudocode - Comments - Basic Arithmetic Operations - Type Conversion - Integer Division
Change making C program using a greedy algorithm. Making least amount of money/coin change using the USD coin set {25,10,5,1} C-Programming Tutorial: https://www.udemy.com/c-programming-for-complete-beginners/learn/v4/overview Please Subscribe ! ►Become a Patreot: patreon.com/randerson112358 ►Website: http://everythingcomputerscience.com/algorithms/Greedy_Algorithm.html ►Support this channel get C-Programming Book: https://www.amazon.com/gp/product/0131103628/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=everythingc06-20&camp=1789&creative=9325&linkCode=as2&creativeASIN=0131103628&linkId=c6b8768d5fe382a757ab85da5c1686ae Get the code here: https://github.com/randerson112358/C-Programs/blob/master/greedy_efficient.c
here is a little discussion about bisection method . the algo and the program.
Change making C program using a greedy algorithm. Making money/coin change using the USD coin set {25,10,5,1} C-Programming Tutorial: https://www.udemy.com/c-programming-for-complete-beginners/learn/v4/overview Please Subscribe ! ►Become a Patreot: patreon.com/randerson112358 ►Website: http://everythingcomputerscience.com/algorithms/Greedy_Algorithm.html ►Support this channel get C-Programming Book: https://www.amazon.com/gp/product/0131103628/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=everythingc06-20&camp=1789&creative=9325&linkCode=as2&creativeASIN=0131103628&linkId=c6b8768d5fe382a757ab85da5c1686ae Get the code here: https://github.com/randerson112358/C-Programs/blob/master/greedy.c
Hehe sorry about the noise at the beginning.. forgot to cut that. Today we use the recursive minimax algorithm to make an AI for Tic-Tac-Toe that never loses! Template Code: https://www.dropbox.com/s/1wdjfhhf9h9c6w9/TicTacToe.zip?dl=0 Finished Code: https://www.dropbox.com/s/tebbplwuvaqbsqj/TicTacToe_AI.zip?dl=0 More Explanation: http://neverstopbuilding.com/minimax Twitter: https://twitter.com/ChillstepCoder Seed Of Andromeda Channel: https://www.youtube.com/user/DubstepCoder Seed Of Andromeda Website: http://www.seedofandromeda.com/
Computer Programming (C Languages) Ep.1 Algorithm and Flowchart for Programming (อัลกอริธึม และ ผังงาน ในกระบวนการการเขียนโปรแกรม) - Algorithms - Flowchart - #include - printf - scanf - int - float - return 0 - basic programming Aj. NesT the Series อาจารย์เนสท์ เดอะซีรีย์ ทศพล บ้านคลองสี่ Todsapon Banklongsi Lecturer of Computer Engineering in Bangkok University Education M.Eng (Computer Engineering) Chulalongkorn University CONTACT US (ฝากกด LIKE และ SUBSCRIBE ด้วยนะครับ) https://www.facebook.com/ajnesttheseries https://www.youtube.com/ajnesttheseries CREATIVE KNOWLEDGE COMMUNITY http://www.glurgeek.com https://www.facebook.com/glurgeek
Concepts of Algorithm, Flow Chart & C Programming by Prof. Wongmulin | Dept. of Computer Science Garden City College-Bangalore
Watch Sample Class Recording: http://www.edureka.co/c-programming-datastructure-course?utm_source=youtube&utm_medium=referral&utm_campaign=basic-algorithm C programming is a computer programming language that allow users to create instructions for a computer to follow. While C has a slightly more cryptic style than some other programming languages, it's fairly easy to learn and allows you to read and write code for many different platforms. The topics discussed in the video are: 1.Understanding Algorithms 2.Linear Search 3.Binary Search 4.Selection Sort 5.Bubble Sort 6.Quick Sort Edureka is a New Age e-learning platform that provides Instructor-Led Live, Online classes for learners who would prefer a hassle free and self paced learning environment, accessible from any part of the world...
Hehe sorry about the noise at the beginning.. forgot to cut that. Today we use the recursive minimax algorithm to make an AI for Tic-Tac-Toe that never loses! Template Code: https://www.dropbox.com/s/1wdjfhhf9h9c6w9/TicTacToe.zip?dl=0 Finished Code: https://www.dropbox.com/s/tebbplwuvaqbsqj/TicTacToe_AI.zip?dl=0 More Explanation: http://neverstopbuilding.com/minimax Twitter: https://twitter.com/ChillstepCoder Seed Of Andromeda Channel: https://www.youtube.com/user/DubstepCoder Seed Of Andromeda Website: http://www.seedofandromeda.com/
A brief description of the minimax algorithm with an example from Russell and Norvig's Artificial Intelligence, a Modern Approach.
Logistics, course topics, word RAM, predecessor, van Emde Boas, y-fast tries. Please see Problem 1 of Assignment 1 at http://people.seas.harvard.edu/~minilek/cs224/fall14/hmwk.html for a corrected analysis of the space complexity of van Emde Boas trees
Get the Code Here: http://goo.gl/Y3UTH Welcome to my Big O Notations tutorial. Big O notations are used to measure how well a computer algorithm scales as the amount of data involved increases. It isn't however always a measure of speed as you'll see. This is a rough overview of Big O and I hope to simplify it rather than get into all of the complexity. I'll specifically cover the following O(1), O(N), O(N^2), O(log N) and O(N log N). Between the video and code below I hope everything is completely understandable.
An extremely detailed tutorial on writing a C++ program/code for the Bisection Numerical Method of Root Finding. The video goes through the Algorithm and flowchart and then through the complete code in a step-by-step manner. PDF File: http://www.bragitoff.com/2015/10/bisection-lab-write-up-with-algorithm-and-flow-chart/ C++ Program: http://www.bragitoff.com/2015/08/c-program-for-bisection-method-to-find-the-roots-of-an-equation/ Who am I? Hi! I am Manas Sharma. A student of Physics. Follow me on: Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/bragitoff Twitter: http://www.twitter.com/ManasSharma07 Website: http://www.bragitoff.com
in this video you will see how can you convert a string ike "1254" to the integer 1254 without standard fuctions "atoi for example"... in the next video we will see how to convert a string like "3.14" to the float number 3.14 and you can find this last video in this link : https://youtu.be/F8JwSy8wPcM